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The State of EV in Africa

In West and Central Africa, only three countries are on track to give every one of their people access to electricity by 2030. At this slow pace, 263 million people in the region will be left without electricity in ten years. West Africa has one of the lowest rates of electricity access in the world; only about 42% of the total population, and 8% of rural residents, have access to electricity. While in East Africa Kenya is Leading the Charts with 70% , In north African Countries they seem to topping the charts with Morroco, Tunisia and ALgeria having 100%.

It is important we understand these fact sbefore we go to see the peentration of EVs in Africa. While the road conditions are not favorable in alot of countries, we banked on two wheels for EV  that is the bicycles and motorbikes. Globally, sales of electric vehicles doubled from 2020 to 2021, up to a record 6.3 million. In Europe, with the world’s top adoption rate, one-fifth of passenger vehicles sold in 2021 were electric, according to Bloomberg. The price of EVs is falling, and tens of trillions of dollars of venture capital are pouring into electric mobility startups. India’s aspiring EV giant, Ola, has spun off its EV manufacturing business into a $3 billion company, highlighting the EV potential for lower-income countries.

while in Africa the revolution is just Beggining, we see Many e-mobility startups setting shops in Kenya trying to put electric vehicles on Kenyan roads, in what may turn the country into a hub for EVs in the continent, However Kenya might not be the one topping the charts in EVs, In South Africa, only about 1,000 of the country’s 12 million vehicles are EVs.

In Kenya it’s about 350 of the country’s 2.2 million cars. In Recent news we have seen BasiGo, Opibus, Kiri, NopeaRide, EVM Africa, Caetano, and Agilitee Africa are some of the companies pushing for the use of electric vehicles in Kenya. For this to thrive renewable energy has to be efficient and Kenya is on the lead with renewable energy, 92.3% of electricity generated locally in 2020 coming from hydro, thermal, and wind power—thrice the amount that renewables contributed to electricity generation globally.

One company, Finish Nopea Ride, has been running a taxi service using electric vehicles in Kenya since 2018 while Basigo plans to offer electric buses along with charging and maintenance services for bus operators in east Africa. It sources the vehicles from BYD, one of the world’s largest makers of electric vehicles. BasiGo plans to make the buses affordable to operators through a financing model.

On the other hand Opibus has so far deployed 160 motorcycles and 10 cars converted from petrol and diesel engines. Last month, it introduced the first all-electric bus in Kenya that is also the first African-designed electric bus.

In Nigeria, June 2021, the Vice President of Nigeria, Yemi Osinbajo, unveiled the first made-in-Nigeria EV – the Hyundai Kona by Stallion Motors. The National Automotive Design and Development Company inaugurated Nigeria’s first EV charging station at Usmanu Danfodiyo University in Sokoto State, North-West, Nigeria in April. Moreover, EV deployment in Nigeria has the potential to support renewable energy development through a bidirectional charging strategy.

Despite, all the countries approching this in Different direction, Bamiduro is betting EVs have a more promising future. “It’s not easy but it’s easier than it was before,” he says in an Interview with QZ. “There’s a shared view that this is the time to double down, that innovators need to scale up EVs and enable transitions away from ICE engines.”

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